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(untitled)Category: (general)
Friday, 7 March 2008
03:47:14 PM (GMT)
-- Bill Gates (The richest man in the world)


Main Contents:

( Part 1 ) -- Bill Gates (The richest man in the world)

    * 1 Bibliography
    * 2 The birth of Microsoft
          o 2.1 The idea
          o 2.2 The start
          o 2.3 Products Overview
          o 2.4 Competition
          o 2.5 Management
    * 3 Financial report of Microsoft
          o 3.1 Financial Highlight
          o 3.2 2003 Annual Report
    * 4 The Future


( Part 2 ) -- Bill Gates (The richest man in the world) [extended]

    * 1 Early life
    * 2 Microsoft
          o 2.1 BASIC
          o 2.2 2.2 IBM partnership
          o 2.3 Strategy and management
    * 3 Personal life
          o 3.1 Wealth and investments
          o 3.2 Philanthropy
          o 3.3 Transition
    * 4 Awards and recognition
    * 5 In film
    * 6 Musical


( References )

    *  References ( Part 1 )
    *  References ( Part 2 )
      

1 Bibliography

William (Bill) H. Gates is chairman and chief software architect of 

Microsoft Corporation, the worldwide leader in software, services and 

Internet technologies for personal and business computing. Microsoft 

had revenues of US$32.19 billion for the fiscal year ending June 

2002, and employs more than 50,000 people in 72 countries and 

regions.


Born on Oct. 28, 1955, Gates grew up in Seattle with his two sisters. 

Their father, William H. Gates II, is a Seattle attorney. Their late 

mother, Mary Gates, was a schoolteacher, University of Washington 

regent, and chairwoman of United Way International.



2 The birth of Microsoft


2.1 The idea



In December of 1974, his partner Allen was on his way to visit 

Gates when along the way he stopped to browse a magazine. After he 

saw that, it changed his and Bill Gates's lives forever. On the cover 

of Popular Electronics was a picture of the Altair 8080 and the 

headline "World's First Microcomputer Kit to Rival Commercial 

Models." He bought the issue and rushed to Gates's room. They both 

recognized it was a great opportunity for business and their business 

brain started to work. They knew that the home computer market was 

about to explode and that someone would need to make software for the 

new machines.



Within a few days, Gates had called MITS (Micro Instrumentation and 

Telemetry Systems), the makers of the Altair. He told the company 

that he and Allen had developed a BASIC that could be used on the 

Altair [Teamgates.com, 9/29/96]. They had not even written a line of 

code. They had neither an Altair nor the chip that ran the computer. 

The MITS company was very interested in seeing their BASIC since they 

never seen such thing before. Gates and Allen began to work 

feverishly on the BASIC they had promised. The code for the program 

was left mostly up to Bill Gates while Paul Allen began working on a 

way to simulate the Altair with the schools PDP-10.



When they both felt their program was ready. Allen was to fly to MITS 

and show off their creation. The day after Allen arrived at MITS, it 

was time to test their BASIC. Entering the program into the company's 

Altair was the first time Allen had ever touched one. If the Altair 

simulation he designed or any of Gates's code was faulty, the 

demonstration would most likely have ended in failure.



2.2 The start



In the Spring of 1968, the Lakeside prep school decided that it 

should acquaint the student body with the world of computers 

[Teamgates.com, 9/29/96]. Computers were still too large and costly 

for the school to purchase its own. Instead, the school had a fund 

raiser. A few thousand dollars were raised which the school figured 

would buy more than enough time to last into the next school year.



In 1968, Computer Center Corporation opened for business in Seattle. 

It was offering computing time at good rates, and one of the chief 

programmers working for the corporation had a child attending 

Lakeside. A deal was struck between Lakeside Prep School and the 

Computer Center Corporation that allowed the school to continue 

providing it's students with computer time.



Gates and his comrades immediately began exploring the contents of 

this new machine. It was not long before the young hackers started 

causing problems. They caused the system to crash several times and 

broke the computers security system. They even altered the files that 

recorded the amount of computer time they were using. They were 

caught and the Computer Center Corporation banned them from the 

system for several weeks.


Bill Gates, Paul Allen and, two other hackers from Lakeside formed 

the Lakeside Programmers Group in late 1968. They were determined to 

find a way to apply their computer skills in the real world. The 

first opportunity to do this was a direct result of their mischievous 

activity with the school's computer time. The Computer Center 

Corporation's business was beginning to suffer due to the systems 

weak security and the frequency that it crashed. Impressed with Gates 

and the other Lakeside computer addicts' previous assaults on their 

computer, the Computer Center Corporation decided to hire the 

students to find bugs and expose weaknesses in the computer system. 

In return for the Lakeside Programming Group's help, the Computer 

Center Corporation would give them unlimited computer time.The boys 

could not refuse. Gates says "It was when we got free time at C-cubed 

(Computer Center Corporation) that we really got into computers. 

Although they were hired just to find bugs, they also read any 

computer related material that the day shift had left behind. The 

young hackers would even pick employees for new information. It was 

here that Gates and Allen really began to develop the talents that 

would lead to the formation of Microsoft seven years later. This was 

how bills business got started.



2.3 Products Overview


Year Event


1983 Microsoft Windows was announced November, 1983 and sells for 
$100.00.

1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is introduced in November, 1985 and is 
initially sold for $100.00.

1987 Microsoft Windows 2.0 was released December 9, 1987 and is 
initially sold for $100.00.

1987 Microsoft Windows/386 or Windows 386 is introduced December 9, 
1987 and is initially sold for $100.00.

1988 Microsoft Windows/286 or Windows 286 is introduced June, 1988 
and is initially sold for $100.00.

1990 Microsoft Windows 3.0 was released May, 22 1990. Microsoft 
Windows 3.0 full version was priced at $149.95 and the upgrade 
version was priced at $79.95.

1991 Microsoft Windows 3.0 or Windows 3.0a with multimedia was 
released October, 1991.

1992 Microsoft Windows 3.1 was released April, 1992 and sells more 
than 1 Million copies within the first two months of its release.

1992 Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.1 was released October, 1992.

1993 Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 was released August, 1993.

1993 The number of licensed users of Microsoft Windows now totals 
more then 25 Million.

1994 Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.11 was released February, 
1994.

1994 Microsoft Windows NT 3.5 was released September, 1994.

1995 Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 was released June, 1995.

1995 Microsoft Windows 95 was released August, 1995 and sells more 
than 1 Million copies within 4 days.

1996 Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 was released August, 1996.

1996 Microsoft Windows CE 1.0 was released November, 1996.

1997 Microsoft Windows CE 2.0 was released November, 1997.

1998 Microsoft Windows 98 was released June, 1998.

1998 Microsoft Windows CE 2.1 was released July, 1998.

1999 Microsoft Windows 98 SE (Second Edition) was released May, 1999.

1999 Microsoft Windows CE 3.0 was released 1999.

2000 Microsoft Windows 2000 was released February 2000.

2000 Microsoft Windows ME (Millennium) released July 2000.

2001 Microsoft Windows XP is released October 25, 2001.


Over the past two decades, Microsoft Windows® products have 

evolved from a single, one-size-fits-all desktop operating system 

into a diverse family of operating systems and mobile technologies. 

Today, Windows products help people worldwide achieve their potential 

at work, home, and just about anyplace in between.


On November 10, 1983, Microsoft announced Microsoft Windows®, an 

extension of the MS-DOS® operating system that would provide a 

graphical operating environment for PC users. With


Windows, the graphical user interface (GUI) era at Microsoft had 

begun. Even there were some other good OS before them, like UNIX and 

Mac OS, their products was still very successful.



2.4 Competition



Before Bills starting his business and his products there were 

already some products in the technology market like Unix and Mac OS. 

They were complicated and require high skills of education and 

training.


When Dos that was Microsoft Companys first product has come out, it 

overtakes and influences a large area of the technology market. The 

software attracts home user and office because it was more 

user-friendly and easy to understand without requiring high level of 

technology skills.



In a matter of fact, it was very hard for Bill to construct such a 

huge and high technology company because he has not gain any support 

from the government. But hopefully, he got his great financial 

support from his family.



2.5 Management



His company is a labour intensive system. There is 50,500 staff and 

it has branch department in 70 countries. His aim is to make 

everything on the top, every product should be on the top of the high 

tech equipments. Therefore he paid a lot on the development. This 

year, the company is committed to a long-term view, reflected in its 

investment of more than $4 billion on research and development.


His has some main management targets. One of Microsoft's key 

strategies is, "Find smart people who know the technology and the 

business."( According to the authors of Microsoft Secrets).


One of the reasons why Microsoft people need high levels of 

competence is the fast-changing nature of the industry in which it 

competes. Microsoft rose to its position of industry dominance in a 

period of a few years, and Bill Gates, the company's well-known CEO, 

is determined that the company will stay on top. For example, Gates 

and other Microsoft executives recently concluded that the company 

needed to embrace the Internet and incorporate it into virtually all 

products and services. As a result, software developers and marketers 

need to be able to acquire new skills quickly.



3. Financial report of Microsoft


3.1 Financial Highlight


In millions, except earnings per share


Year Ended June 30 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

Revenue $ 15,262 $ 19,747 $ 22,956 $ 25,296 $ 28,365

Operating income 6,585 10,010 11,006 11,720 11,910

Income before accounting change 4,490 7,785 9,421 7,721 7,829

Net income 4,490 7,785 9,421 7,346 7,829

Diluted earnings per share

before accounting change 0.84 1.42 1.70 1.38 1.41

Diluted earnings per share 0.84 1.42 1.70 1.32 1.41

Cash and short-term investments 13,927 17,236 23,798 31,600 38,652

Total assets 22,357 38,321 51,694 58,830 67,646

Stockholders equity 16,627 28,438 41,368 47,289 52,180


(www.Microsoft.com 16-09-03)


3.2 2003 Annual Report


INCOME STATEMENTS(In millions, except earnings per share)

Three Months EndedJune 30 Year EndedJune 30 of: 


2002, 2003, 2002, 2003:

Revenue $7,253 $8,065 $28,365 $32,187

Operating expenses:

Cost of revenue 1,368 1,238 5,191 5,686

Research and development 1,184 1,336 4,307 4,659

Sales and marketing 1,543 2,104 5,407 6,521

General and administrative 284 1,194 1,550 2,104


Total operating expenses 4,379 5,872 16,455 18,970


Operating income 2,874 2,193 11,910 13,217

Losses on equity investees and other (14) (15) (92) (6

Investment income (loss) (617) 689 (305) 1,577


Income before income taxes 2,243 2,867 11,513 14,726

Provision for income taxes 718 946 3,684 4,733


Net income $1,525 $1,921 $7,829 $9,993


Earnings per share (1):

Basic $0.14 $0.18 $0.72 $0.93


Diluted $0.14 $0.18 $0.70 $0.92


Weighted average shares outstanding (1):

Basic 10,830 10,737 10,811 10,723


Diluted 11,061 10,862 11,106 10,882


(1) Earnings per share and weighted average shares outstanding for 

the three months and year ended June 30, 2002 have been restated to 

reflect a two-for-one stock split in February 2003.

(www.Microsoft.com 16-09-03)


We can see the net income is become more and more. It means the 

company is running even more successful than before. We also see the 

research and development fee are so much, he spend a lot of money to 

develop new product, to keep his product on the top of the market, 

and innovate more new product for people to use, making our life 

easier than before.



4 The Future


His company is always keeping their products on the top. They are not 

only concentrating on the Operating System, but also other field of 

high technological products. For example, they are recently innovated 

the new computer games machine (XBOX), and also the Windows CE to 

work on the PDA. Again they gained a great success.



I believed that their products will also leading the market, and will 

bring many convenient to us. They will keep innovating new products 

and making all the software more users friendly and easy to use. No 

doubt, his company will still be one of the best in the world. And 

his management skills are a good example for us to learn.



(Bill Gates: Well, business will be changing more in the next ten 

years than has in last twenty-five. Because of the digital tools and, 

in particular, the PC and the Internet, the way that we organize our 

business, the way that we use our workers, the way that we buy and 

sell, the way that we collaborate, all of those would be very 

different. The leading companies, the successful companies of this 

next era, will be the ones that embrace this digital revolution and 

build what I call a digital nervous system.) (According to the 

Interviewed on March 11, 1999 in Yokohama, Japan.)



From this interview, I could find out that he is going to make his 

business even better. Making the products to suit people, to make 

people comfortable, to make people interested, are the aim. Hence, 

I forecast that his product and his business will be even  more 

successful.



( Part 2 ) -- Bill Gates (The richest man in the world) [extended]


William Henry Gates III (born 28 October 1955)[2] is an American 

entrepreneur, software executive, philanthropist, the world's third 

richest man (as of 200 and chairman of Microsoft, the software 

company he founded with Paul Allen. During his career at Microsoft 

he has held the positions of CEO and chief software architect, and he 

remains the largest individual shareholder with more than 9 percent 
of the common stock.[3]


Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer 

revolution. Although he is admired by many,[4][5][6] a large number 

of industry insiders criticise his business tactics, which they consider 

anti-competitive: an opinion which has in some cases been upheld by 

the courts.[7][8] Other court cases on the same charges, in different 

jurisdictions, are still ongoing. In the later stages of his career, Gates 

has pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors, donating large 

amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific 

research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 

established in 2000.


The annual Forbes magazine's list of The World's Billionaires has ranked 

Gates as the richest person in the world from 1995 to 2007, with 

recent estimates of his net worth over US$59 billion.[9] When family 

wealth is considered, his family ranks second behind the Walton family, 

heirs of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton. In July 2007, Fortune magazine 

reported that the increase in value of Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim's 

holdings of stock caused him to surpass Bill Gates as the world's richest 

man.[10][11] Forbes maintained that Slim was second to Gates until its 

recalculation of billionaire fortunes. Forbes recalculated billionaire fortunes 

in 2008 and found Warren Buffett to be the world's richest man with Slim 

in second and Gates in third.[12]


1 Early life


William Henry Gates III was born in Seattle, Washington, to 

William H. Gates, Jr. and Mary Maxwell Gates. His family was wealthy; 

his father was a prominent lawyer, his mother served on the board of 

directors for First Interstate Bank and the United Way, and her father, 

J. W. Maxwell, was a national bank president. Gates has one older sister, 

Kristi (Kristianne), and one younger sister, Libby. He was the fourth of his 

name in his family, but was known as William Gates III or "Trey" because 

his father had dropped his own "III" suffix.[13] Several writers claim that 

Maxwell set up a million-dollar trust fund for Gates.[14] A 1993 

biographer who interviewed both Gates and his parents (among other 

sources) found no evidence of this and dismissed it as one of the "fictions" 

surrounding Gates's fortune.[13] Gates denied the trust fund story in a 

1994 interview,[15] and indirectly in his 1995 book The Road Ahead.[16]


Gates excelled in elementary school, particularly in mathematics and the 

sciences. At thirteen he enrolled in the Lakeside School, Seattle's most 

exclusive preparatory school. When he was in the eighth grade, the school 

mothers used proceeds from Lakeside's rummage sale to buy an ASR-33 

teletype terminal and a block of computer time on a General Electric 

computer.[13] Gates took an interest in programming the GE system in 

BASIC and was excused from math classes to pursue his interest. After 

the Mothers Club donation was exhausted he and other students sought 

time on other systems, including DEC PDP minicomputers. One of these 

systems was a PDP-10 belonging to Computer Center Corporation, which 

banned the Lakeside students for the summer after it caught them 

exploiting bugs in the operating system to obtain free computer time.


At the end of the ban, the Lakeside students, Gates, Paul Allen, 

Ric Weiland, and Kent Evans, offered to debug CCC's software in 

exchange for free computer time. Rather than use the system via 

teletype, Gates went to CCC's offices and studied source code for 

various programs that ran on the system, not only in BASIC but 

FORTRAN, LISP, and machine language as well. The arrangement 

with CCC continued until 1970, when it went out of business. The 

following year Information Sciences Inc. hired the Lakeside students 

to write a payroll program in COBOL, providing them not only computer 

time but royalties as well. At age 14, Gates also formed a venture with 

Allen, called Traf-O-Data, to make traffic counters based on the Intel 

8008 processor. That first year he made US$20,000; however, when 

his age was discovered, business slowed.[17][18]


As a youth, Gates was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he 

achieved its second highest rank, Life Scout. Gates stated that he 

scored 1590 on his SATs.[19] He enrolled at

Comments 
AnimeFanOVGY says :   7 March 2008   227941  
whats going on with the diaries?? I'm trying to get a new chapter of
Fly High on wihch is like half the size of yours and it says it's too
short... What the hell is going on? Please tell me.

 
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