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This diary entry is written by Lucky_Breonna. ( View all entries )
 
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dogsCategory: Fun to share
Monday, 5 March 2007
01:14:42 AM (GMT)
Dachshund (AKC Hound Group) 
Height: 5 to 9 inches.  Size: Very Small. 
Weight: 10 to 26 pounds. Availability: Very popular. 
 History:
The first documentation of a Dachshund-type dog is found in an Egyptian pharaoh's
tomb that is than 5000 years old. The dog's length was developed (probably from
natural short-legged mutations) to help dig den animals out of their holes,
particularly the badger ("dachs" in German.) The smaller varieties could actually go
into rabbit warrens to scare out the hiding rabbits. The Dachshund is still used as a
rabbit and small game hunter today in some countries, and there are AKC field trials
for the breed in the United States. Above all, today's Dachshund is prized as a
companion dog. 

Description:
A long, low dog with short, powerful legs and a long tapering muzzle with very strong
jaws and teeth. The ever-popular Dachshund comes in three distinct coat varieties,
smooth, long-haired and wire-haired, and in two sizes, standard and miniature (under
11 inches). The usual coat colors are solid red, black and tan, chocolate, and wild
boar dappled with brindle. The ears are pendant. The dark, medium sized eyes are
almond shaped. Black is the preferred nose color. The teeth should meet in a scissors
bite. The sternum (chest bone) is very prominent, providing a powerful front end for
underground digging. The front paws may be angled slightly outward. Front dewclaw
removal is optional, but rear dewclaw removal is mandatory for showing. 

Notes:
Use caution when selecting a Dachshund puppy as this is a very popular breed and
animals with poor temperaments are being sold. Buy from a reputable breeder. The
Dachshund is a good dog to travel with. Don't overfeed, for this breed tends to put
on weight quickly. Can be difficult to housebreak. Likes to dig and bark, and has a
big bark for his size. Can snap if provoked. Good for older people, as the breed is
easy to take care of with almost no grooming needed for the short-haired variety.
Long-haired and wire- haired types need more grooming. Usually no problem with other
pets. Prone to spinal disc problems. Can develop heart disease, urinary tract
problems and diabetes. 

Personality:
Lively and affectionate. Proud and bold, almost rash. Tenacious. Can be willful and
clownish. Curious and mischievous. Very clever. May attempt to train the owner rather
than allow the opposite. Devoted to his family. Some fanciers feel the long- haired
variety is calmer than the other two types. The wire-haired variety is more outgoing
and clown-like. 

Behavior:
Children: Best with older, considerate children. 
Friendliness: Moderately protective.
Trainability: Slightly difficult to train.
Independence: Moderately dependent on people.
Dominance: Moderate.
Other Pets: Generally good with other pets.
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs.
Noise: Likes to bark.


Grooming and Physical Needs:
Grooming: Very little grooming needed. 
Trimming & Stripping: No trimming or stripping needed.
Coat: Short coat.
Shedding: Average shedder.
Exercise: Very little exercise needed.
Jogging: A poor jogging companion.
Indoors: Fairly active indoors.
Apartments: Good for apartment living.
Outdoor Space: Does all right without a yard.
Climate: Does well in most climates.
Owner: Good for novice owners.
Longevity: Moderately long lived (12 to 15 years).

Talents:
hunting, tracking, watchdog, and performing tricks. 
 


 
English Toy Spaniel (AKC Toy Group) 
Height: averages 9 1/2 inches.  Size: Very Small. 
Weight: 8 to 14 pounds. Availability: Very difficult to find. 
 History:
The English Toy Spaniel's origins probably trace back to Asian spaniels and perhaps
the Pug, however the breed was primarily developed in the British Isles. This loving
companion dog became a darling of the British royalty, including Mary, Queen of
Scots. One type of English Toy Spaniel, the King Charles Spaniel, is named for King
Charles II of England who owned quite a few of these charming little "comforter"
dogs. During the nineteenth century, the English Toy Spaniel underwent several
changes. He was bred smaller, with a flattened, upturned face, protruding eyes, and a
more rounded skull. The result is today's English Toy Spaniel. The somewhat similar
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is based on the pre-nineteenth century Toy Spaniel.

Description:
The English Toy Spaniel is a small, sturdy, square spaniel with a pug nose,
well-defined stop and rounded skull. The teeth should form a level bite. The round
eyes are large, dark and luminous. The nose is black. The long feathered ears are
pendant. The soft, silky coat is well-feathered and comes in 4 color varieties: King
Charles (black-and- tan), Ruby (solid red, sometimes with a few white hairs or small
white patch on the chest), Blenheim (white with red markings, often with a red "thumb
print" centered on top of the head) and Prince Charles (tri-color (white with black
and tan markings)). The tail is customarily docked. 

Notes:
Some bloodlines are prone to respiratory ailments, slipped stifle, eye problems and
ear infections. The eyes and ears should be kept clean to avoid some of these
problems. Like many other short-faced breeds, the English Toy Spaniel may wheeze and
snore. He may have trouble breathing in hot weather or with over-exertion, because of
his short muzzle. Protect this breed from extremes of temperature. Can be a picky
eater. Good for adults who want a loving quiet pet that is easy to care for and get
along with. Needs very little exercise. Good with other animals. 

Personality:
Sweet but sometimes timid. Happy. Loving, gentle and playful. Quiet and not
demanding. Naturally well-behaved and intelligent, but can be a bit willful. Needs to
be treated gently.

Behavior:
Children: Best with older, considerate children. 
Friendliness: Reserved with strangers.
Trainability: Easy to train.
Independence: Needs people a lot..
Dominance: Low.
Other Pets: Generally good with other pets.
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs.
Noise: Average barker.


Grooming and Physical Needs:
Grooming: Regular grooming needed. 
Trimming & Stripping: No trimming or stripping needed.
Coat: Feathered coat.
Shedding: Average shedder.
Docking: The tail is customarily docked. 
Exercise: Very little exercise needed.
Jogging: A fair jogging companion.
Indoors: Relatively inactive indoors.
Apartments: Good for apartment living.
Outdoor Space: Does all right without a yard.
Climate: Does well in most climates.
Owner: Good for novice owners.
Longevity: Average (10 to 12 years).

Talents:
watchdog.


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