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19 F United States of America
speaks English and Japanese
Last login: 12 November 2014
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Member since: 12 November 2014
Yes I can sing, no, cake, after math, none of the above, ice cream
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early
medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.[4][5] It is spoken
as a first language by the majority populations of several sovereign
states, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada,
Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and a number of Caribbean nations;
moreover, it is an official language of almost 60 sovereign states. It
is the third-most-common native language in the world, after Mandarin
Chinese and Spanish.[6] It is widely learned as a second language and
is an official language of the European Union, many Commonwealth
countries and the United Nations, as well as in many world
organisations.Historically, English originated from the fusion of
closely related dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which
were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic
settlers (Anglo-Saxons) by the 5th century; the word English is simply
the modern spelling of englisc, the name used by the Angles[14] and
Saxons for their language, after the Angles’ ancestral region of
Angeln (in what is now Schleswig-Holstein). The language was also
influenced early on by the Old Norse language through Viking invasions
in the 9th and 10th centuries.
The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy
borrowings from Norman French, and vocabulary and spelling conventions
began to give the appearance of a close relationship with those of
Latin-derived Romance languages (though English is not a Romance
language itself)[15][16] to what had then become Middle English. The
Great Vowel Shift that began in the south of England in the 15th
century is one of the historical events that mark the emergence of
Modern English from Middle English.
In addition to words inherited natively from Anglo-Saxon and those
borrowed from Norman French, a significant number of English terms are
derived from constructions based on root words originally taken from
Latin, because Latin in some form was the lingua franca of the
Christian Church and of European intellectual life[17] and remains the
wellspring of much modern scientific and technical vocabulary.


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